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POLICY TIP SHEET: TOBACCO HARM REDUCTION 101: KANSAS

January 16, 2020

Key Points:

1. Kansas’s vaping industry provided more than $229 million in economic activity in 2018 while generating 882 vaping-related jobs. Sales of disposables and prefilled cartridges in Kansas exceeded $693,000 in 2016.

2. As of November 22, 2019, KDHE has reported 23 probable and confirmed cases of vaping-related lung illnesses, including two deaths. KDHE notes the ages of patients and reports a variety of substances have been vaped, but does not include official case counts. KDHE earns a C ranking for its reporting on vaping-related lung illnesses.

3. In 2017, only 2.1 percent of Kansas high school students reported daily use of vapor products. More data is needed.

4. Only 3 percent of FDA retail compliance checks resulted in sales of e-cigarettes from January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019.

5. Kansas spends very little on tobacco prevention. In 2019, Kansas dedicated only $847,041 on tobacco control, or less than 1 percent of what the state received in tobacco settlement payments and taxes.

 

Since their introduction to the U.S. market in 2007, e-cigarettes and vaping devices—tobacco harm reduction products that are 95 percent safer than combustible cigarettes—have helped more than three million American adults quit smoking.


1. Economic Impact
According to the Vapor Technology Association, in 2018, the industry created 882 direct vaping-related jobs, including manufacturing, retail and wholesale jobs in Kansas, which generated $29 million in wages alone.[1] Moreover, the industry has created hundreds of secondary jobs in the Sunflower State, bringing the total economic impact in 2018 to $229,057,400. In the same year, Kansas received more than $12 million in state taxes attributable to the vaping industry. These figures do not include sales in convenience stores, which sell vapor products including disposables and prefilled cartridges. In 2016, sales of these products in Kansas eclipsed $693,000.[2]


2. State Health Department Data

As of January 14, 2020, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) has reported 27 probable and confirmed cases of vaping-related lung illnesses, including two deaths.[3] Patients range in age from 15 to 67 years-old, and 74 percent are male. KDHE notes that vaping devices containing cannabinoid (CBD), nicotine, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have been reported, but does not offer specific case counts. The Heartland Institute gives KDHE a grade of C for information available on vaping-related lung illnesses


3. More Information Needed
The most recent report on youth tobacco use in Kansas comes from the Kansas 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey.[4] According to those results, in 2017, only 2.1 of Kansas high school students reported using vaping products daily. Further, in 2017, more than 65 percent of Kansas high school students reported not vaping in the 30 days prior to the survey. More data is needed to understand the effects of public health campaigns on youth e-cigarette use.


4. Youth Sales Miniscule
From January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) administered 3,692 tobacco age compliance inspections in Kansas, in which the agency used a minor in an attempt to purchase tobacco products.[5] Of those, only 275, or 7 percent, resulted in a sale to a minor. Of the violations, 117 (3 percent of all compliance checks) involved the sale of e-cigarettes or vaping devices. The number of violations involving sales of cigars and cigarettes were 97 and 49, respectively, during the same period.


5. Misspent Money
In 2019, Kansas received an estimated $190 million in tobacco taxes and tobacco settlement payments. In the same year, the state spent only $847,041, or less than 1 percent, on funding tobacco control programs, including education and prevention.[6] Kansas invests $0.44 per smoker in the state’s quit line, significantly less than the national average of $2.21 per smoker. 


Policy Solution
Electronic cigarettes and vaping devices have proven to be tremendous tobacco harm reduction tools, helping many smokers transition away from combustible cigarettes. Despite recent fearmongering, their use is significantly safer than traditional cigarettes, as noted by numerous public health groups including the Royal College of Physicians,[7] Public Health England,[8] and the American Cancer Society.[9] Rather than restricting their use, and undoubtedly reducing public health gains and millions of dollars in economic output, lawmakers should dedicate existing tobacco funds on programs that actually reduce youth use.


Key Points:

1. Kansas’s vaping industry provided more than $229 million in economic activity in 2018 while generating 882 vaping-related jobs. Sales of disposables and prefilled cartridges in Kansas exceeded $693,000 in 2016.

2. As of November 22, 2019, KDHE has reported 23 probable and confirmed cases of vaping-related lung illnesses, including two deaths. KDHE notes the ages of patients and reports a variety of substances have been vaped, but does not include official case counts. KDHE earns a C ranking for its reporting on vaping-related lung illnesses.

3. In 2017, only 2.1 percent of Kansas high school students reported daily use of vapor products. More data is needed.

4. Only 3 percent of FDA retail compliance checks resulted in sales of e-cigarettes from January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019.

5. Kansas spends very little on tobacco prevention. In 2019, Kansas dedicated only $847,041 on tobacco control, or less than 1 percent of what the state received in tobacco settlement payments and taxes.




References

[1] Vapor Technology Association, “The Economic Impact of the Vapor Industry KANSAS,” 2019, https://vta.guerrillaeconomics.net/reports/310ca84b-a696-445c-b559-27da2298d233?.

[2] Teresa W. Wang et al., “National and State-Specific Unit Sales and Prices for Electronic Cigarettes, United States, 2012-2016,” Preventing Chronic Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2, 2018, https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2018/17_0555.htm.

[3] Kansas Department of Health and Environment, “Vaping Epidemic in Kansas,” January 14, 2020, http://www.kdheks.gov/vaping/index.htm. Accessed January 16, 2020.

[4] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey, Kansas 2017 Results,” 2017, https://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/App/Results.aspx?LID=KS.  

[5] U.S. Food and Drug Administration, “Compliance Check Inspections of Tobacco Product Retailers,” September 30, 2019, https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/oce/inspections/oce_insp_searching.cfm.

[6] Truth Initiative, “Tobacco use in Kansas,” June 28, 2019, https://truthinitiative.org/research-resources/smoking-region/tobacco-use-kansas-2019.

[7] Royal College of Physicians, Nicotine without Smoke: Tobacco Harm Reduction, April 2016, https://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/projects/outputs/nicotinewithout-smoke-tobacco-harm-reduction-0.

[8] A. McNeill et al., “Evidence review of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products 2018,” Public Health England, February 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/684963/Evidence_review_of_e-cigarettes_and_heated_tobacco_products_2018.pdf.

[9] The American Cancer Society, “What Do We Know About E-Cigarettes?” June 19, 2019,  https://web.archive.org/web/20190806152535/https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/tobacco-and-cancer/e-cigarettes.html.


For more information, please refer to:

Tobacco Harm Reduction 101: A Guidebook for Policymakers
https://www.heartland.org/publications-resources/publications/latest-heartland-policy-booklet-addresses-vaping-myths
This booklet from The Heartland Institute aims to inform key stakeholders on the much-needed information on the benefits of electronic cigarettes and vaping devices. Tobacco Harm Reduction 101 details the history of e-cigarettes, including regulatory actions on these products. The booklet also explains the role of nicotine, addresses tax policy and debunks many of the myths associated with e-cigarettes, including assertions about “popcorn lung,” formaldehyde, and the so-called youth vaping epidemic.

 
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©2020 by Tobacco Harm Reduction 101.